Focal points on constructing news stories

Бесплатный доступ

The issues stated in the article line with the current interest to pragmatic value of news releases in modern media. The news is thought to be a verbalized focal reflection of some event that was chosen by media professionals for setting the current information agenda. Having generated the opinions on the newsworthiness the authors present a set of values that may be used for measurement of relevance and clarity of an event reflection in the news content with frequency, clarity, predictability, unexpectedness, amplitude, cultural proximity, elite nations, elite people, personification, negativity among them. The novelty of the research is that the newsworthiness is checked with the focus to lexical (thematic) representation of the news in a diachronic approach: the empirical base of the research was taken from the archives of UK national and local media sources (18-20 th cent.) and implied comparison of lexical means that reflected an event itself and some values of human interest potential in the news stories written in defined periods. The article states the trend for dynamics in the way the event is reflected in the news stories - the information core of the story is merged with detailed reporting parts, and their content is conditioned by social and moral values.


Discourse, media content, news story, news value, focal representation

Короткий адрес:

IDR: 14969910   |   DOI: 10.15688/jvolsu2.2015.4.11

Список литературы Focal points on constructing news stories

  • Bell A. The Language of News Media. Oxford, Blackwell, 1991. 277 p.
  • Dobrosklonskaya T.G. Voprosy izucheniya mediatekstov: Opyt issledovaniya sovremennoy angliyskoy mediarechi . Moscow, KRASAND Publ., 2010. 288 p.
  • Fairclough N. Critical Discourse Analysis: The critical study of language. Harlow, Longman, 1995. 257 p.
  • Galtung J., Ruge M. Structuring and selecting news. The Manufacture of News: Social problems, deviance and the mass media. London, Constable, 1973, pp. 48-61.
  • Galtung J., Ruge M. The Structure of Foreign News. The Presentation of the Congo, Cuba and Cyprus Cr ises in Four Nor wegian Newspapers. Journal of Peace Research, 1965, vol. 2, pp. 64-91; online edition (JSTOR access required)
  • Herman E., Chomsky N. Manufacturing Consent: The political economy of the mass media. London, Vintage, 1998. 289 p.
  • Hodkinson P. Media, culture and society. London, SAGE, 2011. 320 p.
  • McCombs M., Shaw D. The agenda-setting function of the press. Public Opinion Quarterly, 36 (2), 1972, pp. 176-187.
  • Melnikova E.A. Tochnost i dostovernost kak kriterii informativnosti teksta novostnogo soobshcheniia Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2, Yazykoznanie , 2014, no. 5 (24), pp. 94-100. DOI: DOI: 10.15688/jvolsu2.2014.5.12
  • Tyrygina V.A. Zhanrovaya stratifikatsiya mass-mediynogo diskursa . Moscow, Knizhnyy dom “LIBROKOM”, 2010. 320 p.
  • Waugaman Ch. News Values for Broadcast Storytelling. Available at:
  • BNA -The British NEWSPAPER Archive. Available at:
  • СN -Coventry Newswire. Available at:
  • ABBYY Lingvo. Available at: http://www.lingvo. com.
  • FD -The free dictionary. Available at:
Статья научная