Using the marine unicellular algae in biological monitoring

Автор: Kapkov V.I., Shoshina E.V., Belenikina O.A.

Журнал: Вестник Мурманского государственного технического университета @vestnik-mstu

Рубрика: Биоэкология

Статья в выпуске: 2 т.20, 2017 года.

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The possibility of using marine unicellular algae from natural plankton community in biomonitoring of pollution by heavy metals has been investigated. Algae of different taxa from the Mediterranean Sea have been allocated to culture. In the laboratory the culture conditions - i. e. growth medium, temperature, photoperiod, level of artificial light and initial density - have been selected for every species. The impact of heavy metals (Hg, Cd, Cu, Pb) in the form of chloride salts on the growth of axenic algae culture has been studied in the modelling experiments. The unicellular marine algae have a very short life cycle, therefore it is possible to use them in the experiments of studying the effect of anthropogenic factors at cellular and population levels on the test-object. With biomonitoring pollution of marine environment by heavy metals and others dangerous toxicants, the major indicators of algae community condition are the cellular cycle and the condition of the photosynthetic apparatus of the cell. The subsequent lysis of cells under the influence of heavy metals leads to the excretion of secondary metabolites which can essentially affect the metal toxicity. The established scales of threshold and lethal concentration of heavy metals for algae of different taxon make it possible to use the ratio of sensitive and resistant species to heavy metals as biological markers when forecasting ecological consequences of pollution of the marine environment by heavy metals. Distinctions in the resistance of different taxon to heavy metals can result in implementing the strategy of selection of test-objects depending on the purposes of the research.


Marine unicellular algae, cultivation conditions, biotesting, biological monitoring, heavy metals

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IDR: 14294995   |   DOI: 10.21443/1560-9278-2017-20-2-308-315

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