Environmental and physiological aspects of adaptation of foreign students studying in Russia (on the example of the Volgograd region)

Автор: Sevryukova Galina Aleksandrovna, Kartushina Yuliya Nikolaevna, Bocharova Inna Anatolyevna

Журнал: Природные системы и ресурсы @ns-jvolsu

Рубрика: Биология и биотехнология

Статья в выпуске: 4 (14), 2015 года.

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One of the most powerful factors of environment that has impact on human body, is low temperature. The degree of its influence depends on the area, containment of the cooling surface of the body, the duration and power of exposure, as well as a number of related factors (humidity of atmospheric air, speed of movement). The ability of thermoregulation in humans provides a constant temperature of the body within certain limits of temperature fluctuations of the environment. These fluctuations are not the same for different people. An important role is played by the individual endurance to cold at the same ambient temperature. The ability to maintain homeostatic temperature balance in the system “organism-environment” is one of the most important features of a living system. The article considers the specifics of adaptation of students from warm countries to the climatic conditions of the Volgograd region. The authors describe the climatic characteristics of the Volgograd region. The weather in winter is characterized by the cyclones, which cause heavy snowfalls, blizzards, strong winds up to 13-18 m/s, temperature decrease (to - 28°С).The article presents the results of the evaluation of the average temperature of the body, the parameters of physical development, data cold test. Increasing the average body temperature after the winter period shows the developing process of adapting the body of international students. At the same time the negative reaction to the cold test was revealed with greater manifestations of students from Turkmenistan. It indicates the presence of adverse reactions and the formation of the difficulties of adaptation processes.


Adaptation, health, foreign students, climate, volgograd region, cold test

Короткий адрес: https://sciup.org/14967480

IDR: 14967480   |   DOI: 10.15688/jvolsu11.2015.4.2

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