Maternal age at first birth: dynamics, regional differences, determination

Автор: Arkhangelskii Vladimir N., Kalachikova Olga N.

Журнал: Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast @volnc-esc-en

Рубрика: Social development

Статья в выпуске: 5 т.13, 2020 года.

Бесплатный доступ

The article presents the research results of the age model at first birth in Russia for the period of 1960-2019 which is available for calculations. The authors demonstrate the compatibility of data on first births from different sources, and calculate the indicator of “mean maternal age at first birth” using the methods of longitudinal and transverse demographic analysis (for real and conditional generations). The researchers have revealed that mother’s age at first birth in the period from the 1960s to 1994 was decreasing from 24.4 to 22.5 years, then it was growing and in 2019 it made up 25.9 years. The age at first birth in “young” real generations is lower than in conventional ones, in 2018-2019, it made up 25.9 years, but in none of real generations of women born in 2000 and older the total count value of this indicator reaches this level. This is evidence of timing shifts in the second half of the 1990s - early 2000s, after which, probably, the delayed births were realized, which caused an increase in the birth rate. The average maternal age at first birth has been calculated for all regions of Russia, showing variability from 23 to 28 years, in most of them the figure made up 25-26 years. The minimum values of the indicator are shown in the republics of Tyva (23.4 years), Dagestan (23.5), Chechnya (23.7), and Zabaykalsky Krai (23.9); the maximum values are revealed in Saint Petersburg (28.0) and Moscow (27.7). The main determinants of motherhood age are the level of education and marital behavior, which indicates the importance of socio-economic independence in the process of reproductive behavior formation. The novelty of the study lies in the use of the author’s approach taking into account the strengths and weaknesses of longitudinal and transverse demographic analysis, which provides reliable data on mother’s age at first birth. From a practical point of view, assessing motherhood age makes it possible to justify the importance of improving the effectiveness of youth and demographic policies.


Maternal age at first birth, age model of birth rate, motherhood age

Короткий адрес:

IDR: 147225489   |   DOI: 10.15838/esc.2020.5.71.12

Список литературы Maternal age at first birth: dynamics, regional differences, determination

  • Kalachikova O.N., Korolenko A.V. Patterns of reproductive behavior of population (on the materials of Vologda Oblast). Narodonaselenie=Population, 2018, no. 4, pp. 110–122. DOI: 10.26653/1561-7785-2018-21-4-10 (in Russian).
  • Kalachikova O.N., Gruzdeva M.A. Changes in reproductive behavior and marriage patterns of the Russian population (based on analysis of Rosstat sample studies). Sotsial’noe prostranstvo=Social Area, 2018, no. 2 (14). DOI: 10.15838/sa.2018.2.14.1 (in Russian).
  • Shabunova A.A., Rostovskaya T.K. On the necessity to develop models of optimal conditions for the formation and implementation of demographic attitudes. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz=Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2020, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 38–57. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2020.4.70.2 (in Russian).
  • Lesthaeghe R, van de Kaa DJ. Twee demografische transities? In: Bevolking: groei en krimp. Deventer: Van Loghum Slaterus, 1986. Рp. 9–24.
  • Van de Kaa D. Europe’s second demographic transition. Population Bulletin, 1993, vol. 42 (1). 55 p.
  • Coleman D., Rowthorn R. Who’s afraid of population decline? A Critical examination of its consequences. Population and Development Review, 2011, vol. 37 (demographic transition and its consequences), pp. 217–248.
  • Frejka T., Sardon J.-P. First birth trends in developed countries: a cohort analysis. Demographic Research, 2006, vol. 15, article 6, pp. 147–180. Available at:
  • Shcherbakova E.M. Youth of the CIS, demographic portrait. Demoskop Weekly, 2017, no. 711–712. Available at: (in Russian).
  • Aksyonova S.Y. Advanced maternal age: The case of Ukraine. Демографія та соціальна економіка=Demography and Social Economy, 2014, no. 2 (22), pp. 57–67. Available at: (in Russian).
  • Аксьонова С.Ю. Середній вік матері при народженні дитини: чи можлива реверсія? Демографія та соціальна економіка, 2018, no. 2 (33), pp. 53–66.
  • Аксьонова С.Ю. Взаємозв’язки середнього віку матері при народженні дитини і рівня народжуваності. Демографія та соціальна економіка, 2019, no. 2 (36), pp. 23–38. Available at:
  • Ediev D.M. On the role of mother’s middle age at childbirth in long-term demographic dynamics. Voprosy statistiki=Voprosy statistiki, 2006, no. 11, pp. 23–31 (in Russian).
  • Fakhrislamova R.T. Postponing the birth of children (first-borns) in Russia and in the world. In: Global’nye vyzovy i regional’noe razvitie v zerkale sotsiologicheskikh izmerenii: materialy III mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi internet konferentsii, 26–30 marta 2018 g.: ch.2 [Global challenges and regional development in the mirror of sociological assessment: Proceedings of the Third international research-to-practice internet-conference, March 26-30, 2018: Part 2]. VolNTs RAN, 2018. Pp. 275–283 (in Russian).
  • Arkhangelskii V.N., Zinkina Yu.V., Shulgin S.G. Fertility differentiation according to female education levels in Russia: Current situation and forecast scenarios. Narodonaselenie=Population, 2019, no. 1, pp. 21–36 (in Russian).
  • Gordo L.R. Why are women delaying motherhood in Germany? Feminist Economics, 2009, no. 15:4, pp. 57–75. DOI: 10.1080/13545700903153955
  • Rostovskaya T.K., Kuchmaeva O.V. Conceptual approaches to conducting the All-Russian sociological study “Demographic Well-Being of Russia” as a tool for monitoring the effectiveness of demographic policy. Vestnik YuRGTU (NPI)=Bulletin of the South-Russian state technical University (NPI), 2020, no. 3, pp. 89–99. DOI: 10.17213/2075-2067-2020-3-89-99 (in Russian).
  • Kazenin K., Kozlov V. Rejuvenation of the motherhood in Dagestan: A tendency or an artefact? (The preliminary results of the rural population survey). Demograficheskoe obozrenie=Demographic Review, 2016, no. 3, pp. 100–123 (in Russian).
  • Kazenin K.I., Kozlov V.A. Childbearing age in Dagestan: Significance of the ethnic factor under the conditions of modernization. Narodonaselenie=Population, 2017, no. 1, pp. 46–58 (in Russian).
  • Naselenie Rossii 2016: dvadtsat’ chetvertyi ezhegodnyi demograficheskii doklad [Population of Russia 2016: Twentyfourth annual demographic report]. Ed. by S.V. Zakharov. Moscow: Izd. dom Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 2018. Pp.134–136.
  • Ipatova A.A., Tyndik A.O. Reproductive age: 30 years old in preferences and biographies. Mir Rossii=Universe of Russia, 2015, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 123–148 (in Russian).
  • Korolenko A.V. Some aspects of the state of a modern “institute of grandmothers”: Experience of sociological research. Sotsial’noe prostranstvo=Social Area, 2018, no. 4 (16). DOI: 10.15838/sa. 2018.4.16.3 (in Russian).
Статья научная