The allocation of carbohydrates from vegetable raw materials and their identification with the use of capillary electrophoresis

Автор: Biryulin Stanislav I., Posokina Nataliya E., Trishkaneva Marina V.

Журнал: Овощи России @vegetables

Рубрика: Агрохимия

Статья в выпуске: 5 (49), 2019 года.

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Relevance. Carbohydrates are integral components of the cells and tissues of all living organisms of the plant and animal world; they are important components of the plant cell walls, as well as the extracellular matrix of animal and human tissues. The type of monosaccharide composition of polysaccharides determines their biological functions for the organism. However, it is difficult to establish the relationship between the structure of the carbohydrate molecule and its biological function. Methods. In this article, the author provides an overview of methods for identifying the monosaccharide composition of plant polymers by capillary electrophoresis, in order to optimize the sample preparation procedure and the conditions of analysis. A scheme for the stepwise release of polysaccharides from raw materials is given: the isolation of soluble monosaccharides and polysaccharides, the extraction of the pectin fraction, the extraction of cellulose and hemicelluloses, in order to study the composition of each fraction...


Capillary electrophoresis, polysaccharides, vegetable raw materials, derivatization, identification

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IDR: 140245791   |   DOI: 10.18619/2072-9146-2019-5-84-87

Статья научная