Business model of rural tourism in the formation of tourism cluster
Автор: Trukhachev Aleksander
Журнал: Сервис в России и за рубежом @service-rusjournal
Статья в выпуске: 3 (64), 2016 года.
The cluster approach is currently being implemented not only in relation to large-scale investment tourism projects of federal significance, but also is currently being applieв at the regional and local levels. Demand for cluster approach in tourism has increased significantly with the introduction of the Federal Target Program "Development of domestic and inbound tourism in the Russian Federation 2011-2018". Scientific research allowed to determine the nature and to assess the prospects for such kinds of local tourism clusters as border (cross-border), creative industries, etc. Rural tourism refers to activities that tend to cluster formation. The geographical concentration of tourism actors around the subject of rural tourism promotes cross-sectoral integration processes. Development of rural tourism, particularly dynamic in recent decades, is accompanied by the diversification of the organizational forms of economic activity. The development of tourist service technologies, the emergence of innovation in equipment, changes in consumer preferences and motivation - all this contributes to the looking for ways to optimize existing and development of new business models of rural tourism. The article shows that three business models have been traditionally used in rural tourism: concentrated, integrated and distributed business models. Their formation was determined primarily by trends in socio-economic development of rural areas and employment in them. But today, possibility of rural recreation cannot be fully realized in their framework. Moreover, a growing rural tourism clustering causes formation of other business models. The author offers two new business model of rural tourism, taking into account current trends of demand and the development of innovative technologies of tourism services (network and resource models) that are important in the formation of a cluster of rural tourism.
Tourism cluster, rural tourism, business model
Короткий адрес: https://sciup.org/140205495
IDR: 140205495 | DOI: 10.12737/20116