Development of heavy metal-based nanostructured complex technology for use in building mortar

Автор: Vladimir M. Ilin, Evgeni V. Boev, Aigul' A. Islamutdinova, El'mira K. Aminova

Журнал: Nanotechnologies in Construction: A Scientific Internet-Journal @nanobuild-en

Рубрика: Application of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in construction

Статья в выпуске: 5 Vol.14, 2022 года.

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Introduction. Heavy metals (copper, zinc, nickel, lead, chromium, cobalt, cadmium) get into constructional materials with natural and man-made raw materials. The chemical and mineralogical composition of large-tonnage wastes from the petrochemical industry is perfect for constructional materials production. Heavy metals in constructional compositions provide high strength and frost resistance. Currently, nanostructured metal-containing complexes are used in the production of mortars. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure the reliable binding of heavy metals into structurally stable compounds to avoid their emission and secondary environmental pollution. The steadily growing volumes of sludge reservoirs with high concentrations of heavy metals such as chromium (Cr +6), copper (+2), lead (+2), iron (+2), and Fe (+3) cause particular interest to researchers. Qualified extraction of the listed metals and binding them as nanocomponents in the composition of the complexing agent will ensure the creation of a nanostructural composition in the recipe for the preparation of mortar for various purposes. Methods and materials. Sorption methods are the main way to isolate heavy metals. The paper proposes a method for the production of alkyleneaminopolycarboxylic acids and studies its ability to form nanometallic complex compounds for the extraction of heavy metals. Results and discussions. In order to bind metal nanoparticles in oil sludge, the efficiency of the produced compounds, carboxymethyl derivatives of hexamine, was investigated. Optimum synthesis conditions were selected and the structure of the obtained complexing agents was proved by infrared and ultraviolet radiation methods as well as by the method of nuclear magnetic resonance. Conclusion. The resulting nanostructured additions have binding properties that provide high adhesion of the heavy metal to the organic substrate and mortar components, which makes it possible to provide a strong composition that maintains operational properties that meet technical requirements.


Nanostructured complexes, mortars, acrylic acid nitrile, monochloroacetic acid, piperazine, ethylenediamine, benzimidazole, heavy metals

Короткий адрес:

IDR: 142235386   |   DOI: 10.15828/2075-8545-2022-14-5-398-404

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