Evaluation of the nanostructure durability for mineral wool fibers using the theory of che mical corrosion

Автор: Dmitry Yu. Zheldakov, Sergei A. Tursukov, Dmitry A. Sinitsin, Alexander N. Pudovkin, Anastasia A. Parfenova

Журнал: Nanotechnologies in Construction: A Scientific Internet-Journal @nanobuild-en

Рубрика: Application of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in construction

Статья в выпуске: 1 Vol.15, 2023 года.

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Introduction. Mineral wool is one of the widely used materials in the construction industry. A wide range of technologies and structures with integrated mineral wool is also connected with the following: ventilated facades of buildings, facades made using FICS (facade insulation composite system) technology, insulation of roofs and attics, and much more. Methods and materials. Under different conditions, the nanostructure durability for mineral wool fibers will vary significantly. Currently, there are no scientifically based methods for assessing the durability of the nanostructure. Results. The article proposes to evaluate the nanostructure durability for the of mineral wool fibers based on the developed method of chemical destruction of building ceramics. The methods of laboratory analysis of the building ceramics material and their modernization for the nanostructure of mineral wool fibers are given. Discussion. According to the results of experimental studies, it was found that the corrosion process in the mineral wool material occurs by the mechanism of reaction of alkali metal hydroxides with silicon and aluminum oxides in the mineral wool material, removing them into solution and leading to chemical destruction of the material, which is generally similar to the studied process of destruction of the wall ceramics material. The results obtained allow us to conclude that the process of chemical destruction of mineral wool has a greater dependence on temperature and less dependence on the concentration of hydroxides than the process of destruction of brick material. Conclusions. The results of the conducted studies allow us to calculate the temperature coefficient of the destruction process rate in the Van't-Hoff formula, the coefficients in the Arrhenius equation and the value of the activation energy of the destruction process. Examples of field studies are given.


Mineral wool, durability, laboratory tests, calculation

Короткий адрес: https://sciup.org/142235807

IDR: 142235807   |   DOI: 10.15828/2075-8545-2023-15-1-59-71

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