The effectiveness of the development of high-speed abilities of football players of training groups, taking into account somatic types in the process of sports training

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Relevance. The current level of development of sports, as an activity in general and football in particular, assumes a high degree of readiness of its representatives, which is determined by the necessary technical and tactical equipment, motor readiness, functional condition. Achieving a positive result in a particular match, tournament, championship is directly related to the proper level of development of motor abilities, among which their high-speed manifestations play a special role, since a dynamic game based on constant movement, the speed of ball handling, the minimum number of touches during the development of attack, gradually displace slow football, where highspeed movements reduced to a minimum. Such a feature is characteristic not only of games with the participation of highly qualified athletes specializing in football, but also of players of youth football associated with the preparation of a sports reserve, which is carried out, as a rule, without taking into account the individual development of the growing organism of those involved. Therefore, increasing the effectiveness of the training process of young athletes specializing in football becomes quite problematic if their (young footballers) peculiarities of individual development are not taken into account, especially during puberty. The purpose of the study is to increase the efficiency of the training process of football players of training groups by assessing the level of development of speed abilities, based on their (players) belonging to a certain type of physique. Research methods. Analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature data, pedagogical observations, pedagogical testing, somatodiagnostics (somatometry, somatotyping), mathematical and statistical processing of the results obtained. The results of the study. Through pedagogical testing, the level of development of speed abilities of football players of training groups was determined. The results obtained over the course of three years on the same contingent of athletes specializing in football revealed their positive dynamics. With age, the time to overcome the distance offered to the players decreased. The standard deviation tended to decrease. The coefficient of variation did not go beyond the limits that determine the homogeneity of the groups. Evaluation of the results obtained when performing a control exercise by players assigned to different body types allowed us to establish their (results) dependence on the belonging of football players to a certain somatic type. Conclusion. The dynamics of the players' speed abilities had a positive orientation. Football players of various somatic types showed different results in the test, which should be taken into account when planning the training process and distributing pedagogical influences.


Football players, speed abilities, training groups, somatic type, macrosomatic type, mesosomatic type, microsomatic type, arithmetic mean of the trait, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, growth rate, reliability of differences

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