Culture and civilization" as the central issue for sociology of culture

Автор: Kortunov Vadim Vadimovich

Журнал: Сервис plus @servis-plus

Рубрика: Культура и цивилизация

Статья в выпуске: 1 т.8, 2014 года.

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The concepts of "culture" and "civilization" in everyday language are used as synonyms. But for philosophy and cultural studies, the division of these concepts is a matter of principle. And it's not just that on the idea of ​​opposing culture and civilization, most of the cultural concepts of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries were built. More importantly, the very course of the historical process in Europe and Russia clearly shows that the values ​​of culture and civilization not only do not coincide, but also are at different poles of the value system. We have become eyewitnesses of how modern civilization literally replaces the centuries-long conquests of humanity in the realm of the Spirit. Civilization and culture, understood as oppositional concepts, allow us to compare them with the "spiritually-created" nature of man, his duality and contradictory tendencies in his spiritual being. Concepts of civilization and culture in the article are understood as an aggregate of material values ​​(civilization) and spiritual values ​​(culture). The author is convinced that in such an interpretation these systems acquire a tragic character. Ignoring the civilizational challenges of the modern world is fraught with the transformation of a person into a specialist, his life into work. Within the framework of "civilized" relations, a person risks to degrade to stamping, social ersatz, having lost his own human qualities, personality, face, uniqueness. The development of anthropogenic civilization at the expense of culture threatens to level the spiritual values ​​accumulated by mankind for centuries. So, our history risks turning into a road to nowhere.


Culture, civilization, spiritual values, material values

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IDR: 140210450   |   DOI: 10.12737/2789

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