Method of obtaining calcium silicate for construction

Автор: Evgeny V. Boev, Aigul A. Islamutdinova, Elmira K. Aminova

Журнал: Nanotechnologies in Construction: A Scientific Internet-Journal @nanobuild-en

Рубрика: Application of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in construction

Статья в выпуске: 6 Vol.13, 2021 года.

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Introduction. Calcium silicate is one of the well-known building materials. Its structure determines the ability of such nanostructured additives to form a secondary structure – a fractal (volumetrical) network with which cement grains interact. The addition of nanomodifying additives to improve the technology of cement production will reduce the space dimension in which molecules are sorbed on the cement grain, and, accordingly, increase the rate and efficiency of its blocking. Methods and materials. The paper proposes a method for obtaining calcium silicate from soda ash production waste. The sol-gel method for the synthesis of individual nanomodifiers in the silicate form will improve the technology for producing concretes by forming a solid phase state of the modified structure of a cement stone. In the production of soda ash, the land plots (sludge accumulators) are allocated for the collection of production waste (distiller liquid). In this regard, the acute problem is a disposition of industry waste, because the area allocated for sludge accumulators is limited. Results and discussions. The study revealed that the addition of certain components allows us not only to reduce the required firing temperature, but also to affect the nanostructure of the resulting product. The range of values of the content of additives per 5 g of calcium silicate: С – 0.2÷0.4; S – 0.3÷0.5; ZnO – 0.1÷0.3; P2O5 – 0.3÷0.5; NH2CONH2 – 0.3÷0.3. According to the obtained matrix of conditions, 16 samples of substances were prepared. Nanomodification of cement stone leads to its hardening in the early stages of structure formation. Conclusion. The addition of hydroperite to calcium silicate significantly increases the hardness of the final product; when coal, sulfur, zinc oxide and phosphorus pentoxide are added as components, the hardness and structure of the compound changes. Thus, the use of a nanostructured cement additive based on calcium silicate obtained by qualified processing of the main waste that is part of the distiller liquid - calcium oxide, will improve the quality of concrete by improving the technology of cement production


Distiller liquid, nanomodifier, calcium silicate, nanotechnology, nanostructure, cement stone, concrete

Короткий адрес:

IDR: 142230538   |   DOI: 10.15828/2075-8545-2021-13-6-350-357

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