Статьи журнала - Pravo - teorija i praksa

Все статьи: 444

''Silence of the administration'' in the administration procedure that is being instituted before the real estate registry and cable duct cadaster

''Silence of the administration'' in the administration procedure that is being instituted before the real estate registry and cable duct cadaster

Milica Torbica

Статья научная

“Silence of the administration” represents the tool for the regular legal protection of the parties within the administrative procedure, whether the subject is the procedure being initiated by the parties who have a personal interest or due to the ex officio procedure. In both cases, either due to a long lasting procedure or to an untimely decision which is being rendered in relation to the terms envisaged by law from the side of the administration, significant damage is being endured. Moreover, in both cases, the inactivity of the administrative authorities has numerous aftereffects. The Real Estate Registry and Cable Duct Cadaster represent a Public Book which has data on immovable properties and rights regarding the very same necessary for rendering numerous other rights before the other state authorities and judiciary. Data referring to the Real Estate Registry and Cable Duct Cadaster represent the initial base while rendering the rights before the business banks and within the economic field, in general. Thus, cadaster data should be updated regularly, which presupposes both active and timely registration of documents in the Cadaster, whether based on the submitted documents for the purpose of the registration within the Cadaster, the very same documents to be adopted or a negative administrative act to be rendered. However, in practice, one can often encounter that this legal protection instrument of the parties cannot be applied, bearing in mind that non-acting in the administrative procedure which is being held before the Real Estate Registry and Cable Duct Cadaster has not always been caused by a non-compliance with the terms by the side of this administrative authority. Namely, the administrative procedure being held before the Real Estate Registry has its specific characteristics due to which this very Institute of the Administrative Law deserves a greater attention. The existence of the priority norm, i.e. the obligation of acting upon the requests of the order of their reception in the Real Estate Registry and Cable duct Cadaster, leads to the other point of view regarding the acting of the administrative authorities and decision rendering based either on the requests of the parties or based on ex officio within the terms envisaged by the Law.

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A conclusion of contracts for the international sale of goods

A conclusion of contracts for the international sale of goods

Marko Jovanović

Статья научная

The international exchange of goods is done through a contract on the international sale of goods. A conclusion of a contract on the international sale of goods is based primarily on the autonomy of the will of the parties, unless that autonomy of will is limited by the compulsory regulations of the states. All sources of law cited in the paper, such as international conventions, autonomous sources of law and even customs and business ethics, can be changed by the disposition of the will, because they are of a dispositive character. The contracting parties most often agree on the application of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, the so-called Vienna Conventions, except in cases where there are general conditions and standard contracts. The Vienna Convention, which is a compromise of continental, Roman and Anglo-Saxon law, is most often contracted. The offer and its acceptance are necessary for the conclusion of the contract, except for standard and formal contracts. The offer is a final act, and the acceptance of the offer is a statement of the agreement with the offer. The offer must have essential elements of the contract, but it can also have irrelevant elements. By concluding a contract with the application of INCOTERMS clauses, most irrelevant elements of the contract are regulated.

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A constitutional disposition of cultural male circumcision as a heritage right

A constitutional disposition of cultural male circumcision as a heritage right

Mashele Rapatsa

Статья научная

South Africa’s constitutional framework entrenches a variety of legislative imperatives that protects culture as a right. Sections 30 and 31 of the Constitution, 1996 were specifically enshrined to resonate with the spirit and purport of the need to protect cultural rights. Some statutory enactments such as Children’s Act 38 of 2005 and Limpopo Initiation Schools Act 6 of 2016 are also highly respectful of cultural rights thereby enabling cultural families and communities to subject their children to practice any such cultural activities of their choice, but to the extent that it is practicable. It is argued that while South Africa’s post-1994 constitutional apparatus are fundamentally rights-based orientated and thus require the state and every legal and juristic persons to be bearers of such a responsibility of protecting human rights, the state is correspondingly obligated to protect cultural rights as a constitutional entitlement in order for citizens to enjoy heritage as a right, either as a group or individuals with cultural orientation. Constitutionally speaking, the state is prohibited from engaging in acts that unjustly interferes with free enjoyment of heritage as a right. The article adopted a traditional legal doctrinal methodological approach, which is best suited for interpreting legislative instruments to capture a variety of plausible meanings and implications to a real life legal situation.

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A historical – legal review of Hammurabi’s code

A historical – legal review of Hammurabi’s code

Danijela Kovačević

Статья научная

Hammurabi’s code shows the social relations of that time, although most of these relations were regulated by the Law of Contract. The Code covers a variety of legal matters: it regulates very complex property, family, obligatory and criminal-legal relations including the judiciary provisions. The Code expresses the class character of the society, because it primarily protects the interests of the ruling class and punishes the members of the ruling and subordinate classes differently for the same crimes. The Code was carved in a stone pillar and it was found by M. Morgan in 1901. This masterpiece of a human’s thought, almost four millennia old, was engraved in the stone of Babylon (Hammurabi) for the temple of Sippar (now the ruins of Abu Dhabi near Baghdad). An undamaged inscription of the Code is kept in the British Museum.

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A legal basis for liability for damages due to wrongful deprivation of liberty and wrongful conviction

A legal basis for liability for damages due to wrongful deprivation of liberty and wrongful conviction

Marković Milan B.

Статья научная

This paper examines a legal basis for the state liability for damages for wrongful deprivation of liberty and wrongful conviction. Starting from the general rules of the civil law regarding the state responsibility for damages, the author points to the special character of the rules concerning the state responsibility for damages for wrongful deprivation of liberty and wrongful conviction. While doing it, the author specifically indicates the different theoretical explanations of the state obligations in this respect, as well as the specific legal nature of the institute of the compensation for wrongful deprivation of liberty and wrongful conviction.

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A legal basis for operation of security services in Republic of Serbia

A legal basis for operation of security services in Republic of Serbia

Radojica Lazić, Mirko Kulić

Статья научная

During the past twenty years there was executed a thorough reorganization of the whole security in Republic of Serbia. Many strategic documents and regulations have been adopted, which have, in a transparent way, organized the national security system. Security services, as parts of the system, play a very important role in preserving the vital values of the state and society as a whole. Their role in protection of national interests has been defined through the adoption of certain legal acts. This paper, apart from the historic perspective, analyses the legal acts of a special importance for the reform of the security-intelligence system in Republic of Serbia.

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A legal framework of the right to work for men and women

A legal framework of the right to work for men and women

Dragana Radovanović

Статья научная

The right to work does not mean that any woman or man has the right to employment, but it refers to everyone’s opportunity to provide a living for him/herself by freely chosen and accepted work. For this reason, and by its nature, it is positioned between a programme principle, a constitutional legislative decree and subjective law based on the principles concerning the other minority and human rights. These principles reflect a legislative attitude towards the significance of the right to work and human and minority rights in general. Together with general principles, they make up a legal framework in which they are realized and protected.

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A legal status of women in prostituton in Serbia through the history

A legal status of women in prostituton in Serbia through the history

Dragana Pejović

Статья научная

The approach to the legal regulation of prostitution chosen by the state directly reflects the legal position of women in prostitution. Different approaches in a legal regulation of prostitution had changed in shorter or longer periods of time until the end of the Second World War. After the Second World War, there was introduced the prohibitive approach undergone minor changes throughout the time, but remained unchanged from the perspective of a legal status of women in prostitution. THIS paper analyzes a legal position of women in prostitution in the period from the second half of the 19th century until today. The provisions of legal regulations through which the prostitution was regulated in the previously mentioned period in Serbia, will be analyzed by the normative method. The main goal of this research is to present the history of a legal status of women in prostitution in Serbia. THE results of the research show that, throughout the history, the most present reglementation and prohibitionist approaches have had a negative impact on the legal position of women in prostitution in Serbia. So, it is necessary an abolitionist approach to be introduced in order to improve their overall position.

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A police service dog as a means of coercion

A police service dog as a means of coercion

Nenad Bingulac, Nenad Sekulić

Статья научная

The use of animals in the execution of complex tasks by police officers and military units does not represent any novelty in the operational and legal sense. But, this topic has not been considered enough in professional and scientific circles, for which there should be found some space, especially if we take into account certain “news” in the legislative sense occurred at the international level. The basic hypothesis of this paper refers to the consideration of the issue of the use of a police service dog. Within the previously mentioned discussion, the focus of the work is grouped into two parts, namely the first part relates to the legislative provision of the use of police service dogs in terms of training and use, while the second one refers to their tactical application when performing complex tasks. In particular, it is considered the issue of legislative news and initiatives appeared in the American legislative system. Bearing in mind the increasingly dominant attitude of the world population on the topic of animal protection, there is to be expected that a similar topic will soon be raised in our country too. In this research, in addition to analysis, deduction and comparative scientific methods, the specialization method was also used. At the end of this research, in the concluding remarks, there was presented a review of the most significant parts of the work as well as specific conclusions arising from this overall research. Of course, the authors’ personal views were also included.

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A review: Aleksandar Matković, Occultism, Crime and Law, Novi Sad: Novi Sad Humanitarian Centre and Faculty Of European Legal and Political Studies, 2021 (549 Pages)

A review: Aleksandar Matković, Occultism, Crime and Law, Novi Sad: Novi Sad Humanitarian Centre and Faculty Of European Legal and Political Studies, 2021 (549 Pages)

Tamara Gajinov

Статья научная

Autorski tekst sadrži prikaz monografije Aleksandra Matkovića Occultism, Crime and Law, Novi Sad Humanitarian Centre and Faculty of European Legal and Political Studies, Novi Sad, 2021 (549 pages)

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Actiones liberae in causa

Actiones liberae in causa

Gordan Grujić

Статья научная

Deliberate unaccountability (insanity) is an institute known in legal theory as Actiones liberae in causa. Its significance lies it is an exception to the general rules for determining accountability and guilt. The exception is to regulate the guilt of persons who arbitrarily bring themselves into a state of temporary mental disorder and commit a crime in such a state. The central theme of the paper is the definition and legal regulation of actiones liberae in causa in Serbian criminal law, its demarcation from non-accounting and substantially reduced accounting as well as its application in practice.

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Advantages and challenges of dual education in the development of the professional identity of engineers

Advantages and challenges of dual education in the development of the professional identity of engineers

Marijana Dukić Mijatović, Predrag Mirković

Статья научная

The authors consider the strategic directions of the development of higher education in Republic of Serbia, especially in the light of legislative news regulating dual education at higher education institutions. In this context, they have paid a special attention to the analysis of legal acts and by-laws important for the development of the professional identity of engineers educated under the dual model of education. They have also perceived the number and structure of accredited study programs at higher education institutions in our country, which represent significant indicators of the direction of the development of the domestic economy mapped through the interest of employers for the engineers educated according to the dual model. So, we can conclude that there is an obvious influence of the fourth industrial revolution and the information age on all aspects of the society. Starting from all those changes that are happening and will happen, the Government of Republic of Serbia adopted the Education Strategy for the period from 2021 to 2030, in which there are given the vision, goals, and principles of education in the future. Talking about the dual model of higher education, the most important act is the Law on the Dual Model of Studies in Higher Education being in the focus of the authors in this research.

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Agencification of public administration in the transition process

Agencification of public administration in the transition process

Milica Škorić

Статья научная

The democratization of the countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) has also included the reform of inefficient public administration. At the same time, these reforms have been accompanied by the aspiration for a membership in the European Union. The administration has been transformed according to a number of principles that make up the framework of the European administrative area. Along with these processes, there were established public agencies, a body taken over from the developed countries, and created during the reform of the New Public Management. The countries in transition have gone through an extensive and rapid process of agency. Due to a high level of autonomy after the formation of agencies, i.e., after certain tasks have been transferred to their competence, it is difficult to effectively control their work. The public interest is threatened by the non –transparency of these bodies. Their existence also affects the basic principles of the European administrative space and turns the reform against itself. It is certain that the mass establishment of a new body in the system of public administration brings uncertainty in terms of effects. It has turned out that foreign experts, without knowledge of the administrative tradition of the socialist countries, as well as domestic politicians who wanted accelerated reform, also contributed to that.

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Agenda ljudske bezbjednosti - idejna osnova i razvoj u okviru kanadske spoljne politike

Agenda ljudske bezbjednosti - idejna osnova i razvoj u okviru kanadske spoljne politike

Božović Dragan

Статья научная

U skladu sa osnovama liberalnog internacionalizma politička moralna zajednica se može proširiti preko granica nacionalne države. Prisustvo moralne dimenzije je inherentno spoljnoj politici, pa tako i spoljnopolitičkoj agendi ljudske bezbjednosti. Pojam ljudske bezbjednosti uzima pojedinca i društvo u kome živi za referentni okvir za razliku od klasičnog pojma nacionalne bezbjednosti, čiji je referentni okvir država i njena teritorija. To je manje teorijski zasnovan pristup, a više politička praksa. U kanadskoj agendi ljudske bezbjednosti, koja je utemeljena u tradiciji kanadske spoljne politike, inkorporirane su ključne vrijednosti kanadskog društva, sa ciljem njihove projekcije na međunarodnu politiku. Ona je usmjerena je na sprečavanje i prevenciju nasilnih konflikata i tranziciju ka demokratiji i zasnovana na postulatima liberalne demokratije, u skladu sa političkom filozofijom liberalnog internacionalizma. Iako je kanadski pristup ljudskoj bezbjednosti afirmisan u međunarodnoj politici, učinci ove agende u praksi ne korespondiraju u potpunosti sa projektovanim ciljevima.

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Aktivna i pasivna legitimacija u sudskom postupku kada je trećem oštećenom licu prouzrokovana šteta od strane dva ili više motornih vozila

Aktivna i pasivna legitimacija u sudskom postupku kada je trećem oštećenom licu prouzrokovana šteta od strane dva ili više motornih vozila

Filipović Aleksandar K., Filipović Dušan A.

Статья научная

U radu je ukratko izložen problem koja lica imaju aktivnu, a koja pasivnu legitimaciju u sudskom postupku kada je trećem oštećenom licu prouzrokovana šteta od strane dva i više motornih vozila. Danas postoji bezbroj primera saobraćajnih nezgoda u kojim učestvuju dva ili više motornih vozila. U takvim saobraćajnim nezgodama prouzrokuje se nematerijalna i materijalna šteta trećim licima, pa se postavlja pitanje: koja lica imaju pravo na naknadu nematerijalne i materijalne štete i od koga imaju pravo da traže naknadu štete. Oštećena lica najčešće podnose tužbu protiv osiguravajuće organizacije i odgovornog lica. U toku sudskog postupka često tužilac podnosi podneske kojim vrši objektivno i subjektivno preinačenje tužbe. U ovom radu smo ukazali na različite stavove sudske prakse povodom objektivnog i subjektivnog preinačenja tužbe. Takođe smo u radu dali odgovor na pitanje: da li su tuženi osiguravajuća organizacija i odgovorno lice jedinstveni suparničari ili se radi o običnim suparničarima? U radu smo predložili izmenu člana 201 Zakona o obligacionim odnosima i člana 201 Zakona o parničnom postupku. Na ovaj način bismo izbegli donošenje različitih presuda po istom pitanju.

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Aktivna legitimacija za raskid ugovora o doživotnom izdržavanju

Aktivna legitimacija za raskid ugovora o doživotnom izdržavanju

Kovačević Nemanja

Статья научная

Autor razmatra raskid ugovora o doživotnom izdržavanju, prvenstveno s aspekta lica aktivno legitimisanih za traženje raskida. Predmet rada je ključno pitanje iz domena raskida ovog najznačajnijeg ugovora u našem naslednom pravu, a obrađen je kroz prava tri lica da traže raskid: ugovarača, trećeg lica u čiju je korist ugovoreno izdržavanje, kao i naslednika ugovarača. Na početku je ukazano na osnovne razloge raskida predmetnog ugovora, a rad je u potpunosti potkrepljen stavovima sudske prakse i teorije o svim spornim pitanjima.

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Aktuelizacija pitanja ponovnog uvođenja smrtne kazne u krivično zakonodavstvo

Aktuelizacija pitanja ponovnog uvođenja smrtne kazne u krivično zakonodavstvo

Merdović Boro, Stamenković Miloš

Статья научная

U radu se govori o ponovnoj aktuelizaciji pitanja uvođenja smrtne kazne za najteže zločine. Dat je pregled i poređenje različitih društvenih sistema u kojima smrtna kazna i dalje postoji (SAD), onih u kojima je ukinuta (EU) do onih država gde se traži njeno ponovno uspostavljanje i uvođenje u krivično zakonodavstvo (Turska). Kroz istraživanje čiji će rezultati biti prezentovani pokušaćemo da objasnimo stav stručnjaka različitih profila u našoj zemlji po pitanju smrtne kazne i njenog generalno preventivnog značaja.

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Alternativni oblici okončanja krivičnog postupka u pravu Libije

Alternativni oblici okončanja krivičnog postupka u pravu Libije

Sharef Mohamed A.M.

Статья научная

Alternativni oblici okončanja krivičnog postupka predstavljaju pravni novum u većem broju savremenih krivičnih zakonodavstava u svetu. U tom smislu Libija se pridružila zemljama koje su ozakonile alternativni način okončanja krivičnog postupka. Njime se postižu višestruki pravni efekti na području poštovanja osnovnih krivično-procesnih načela poput: ekonomičnosti, efikasnosti, pravednosti i dr. Iako se u delu krivične teorije osporava ovakav način okončanja krivičnog postupka preovladalo je mišljenje po kome se ostvarenjem prethodno navedenih načela doprinosi pravovremenom rešenju određene krivične stvari. Preduslov za ovako okončanje krivičnog postupka je donošenje odluke o nepreduzimanju krivičnog gonjenja od strane javnog tužioca kako bi se alternativno (putem nagodbe) rešio konkretni krivični slučaj. Polazeći od navedenog, autor rada se opredelio da odluku o nepreduzimanju krivičnog gonjenja od strane javnog tužioca obradi sa teorijskog stanovišta imputirajući u određenim segmentima sopstvena iskustva radeći kao javni tužilac u Libiji. U tom smislu, ovaj rad predstavlja sintezu teorije i prakse u svetlu postojećih rešenja u libijskom krivičnom zakonodavstvu.

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Amended legislation of payment service in Republic of Serbia

Amended legislation of payment service in Republic of Serbia

Mirjana Knežević

Статья научная

This paper examines the payment service regulation in Republic of Serbia. The aim of the paper is to underline the importance of the implemented legislative reform and the innovations which allow the domestic business entities and payment service users to keep abreast with current economic developments under more favourable conditions and higher protection. The author defines the relevant notions and presents the innovations related to the payment service legislation in order to prove the fact that it is fully harmonized with the EU directives. In the paper there are also given certain recommendations which might help improve the implementation of the new regulations, primarily in the field of payment service customers protection. The transparency principle, which is the fundamental principle of these amendments, makes it possible to further develop this law in practice (e.g. the transparency of fees customers are charged for payment accounts). We expect more dynamic development of payment service in the future, which includes informing customers in a better manner and protecting them more efficiently.

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Analiza međunarodnih pravnih instrumenata - Konvencija UN-a protiv transnacionalnog organizovanog kriminala i protokoli protiv trgovine ljudima i krijumčarenja migranata

Analiza međunarodnih pravnih instrumenata - Konvencija UN-a protiv transnacionalnog organizovanog kriminala i protokoli protiv trgovine ljudima i krijumčarenja migranata

Arhin Antonela

Статья научная

Iregularna migracija predstavlja kretanje koje se odvija izvan regulatornih normi država porekla, tranzita i destinacija. Konvencija Ujedinjenih nacija protiv transnacionalnog organizovanog kriminala, zajedno sa protokolima, trgovinu ljudima i krijumčarenje migranata posmatra upravo sa gledišta iregularnih migracija rizikujući da zaštita prava žrtava trgovine i krijumčarenih migranata bude marginalizovana. Ipak, ovi instrumenti, sa pravnog aspekta, predstavljaju veliki podrstrek naporima koji se ulažu da bi se što bolje razumela ova dva fenomena, kao i u cilju pružanja podrške ljudima kojima se trguje ili krijumčari. Ova Konvencija predstavlja prvi univerzalni, pravno obavezujući instrument Ujedinjenih nacija u oblasti borbe protiv kriminala. Iako nam se čini, putem definicija dva protokola koji dopunjavaju Konvenciju, da su trgovina ljudima i krijumčarenje migranata na suprotnim krajevima dugog kontinuuma, realnost nije ni približno tako jednostavna. Ove dve kriminalne delatnosti se poklapaju u mnogim slučajevima što dodatno otežava pravilnu klasifikaciju vrste kriminaliteta pri identifikovanju žrtava. Dodatni problem predstavlja činjenica da niti jedan protokol ne sadrži uputstva za identifikaciju žrtava trgovine ljudima ili krijumčarenih migranata. Osim toga, nedostatak je što oba protokola zaštitu žrtava trgovine i krijumčarenih migranata posmatraju kao opciju, što opet ukazuje da su ove dve kriminalne delatnosti pitanja više vezana za kriminal i kontrolu granica negoli pitanje ljudskih prava usled čega nije neretko da i jedna i druga grupa žrtava bivaju krivično gonjena. Ipak, pozitivno je da postoje međunarodni pravni instrumenti poput ove Konvencije, kao i da je postignut dogovor oko usvojenih definicija protokola kojima se države mogu služiti u borbi protiv trgovine ljudima i krijumčarenja migranata kao rezultata iregularnih migracija. Ono na šta treba staviti naglasak u smislu dalje borbe jeste bavljenje uzrocima tih migracija u svrhu donošenja trajnog rešenja u pogledu iskorenjivanja trgovine ljudima i krijumčarenja migranata.

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